Basic Dental Services

Fillings

Fillings are done to remove decay, and replace the affected tooth  structure. It is called a filling because new a material fills hole that  decay left. Now days most teeth are treated with bonded tooth colored  composite resin fillings. Caught early enough, cavities can be treated  easily and painlessly. If not treated decay can lead to tooth pain  and/or infection, and the tooth would need root canal treatment or  extraction.  

Bonding

Bonding involves adhering composite resin material that is matched to  the color of the tooth, to the front of the tooth. This is done to  repair damage done to the tooth by decay, to alter the alignment of the  tooth, close gaps between the teeth, or for cosmetic purposes. First the  surface of the tooth is roughened in order to accept the bonding and  hold it. A gel is applied to micro etch the tooth surface, and a  primer/bond agent is applied so the material adheres to the surface.  Then the material itself is placed on the tooth and hardened with  intense light. The composite resin material is shaped and polished to  get a lustrous finish as a last step.  

Sealants

This is used to fill in narrow grooves in a tooth that cannot be  adequately cleaned by brushing. In some cases, the tooth structure has  fine grooves or pits which accumulate plaque, not because the person  doesn't brush, but because they're too narrow to allow even one bristle  into them. These will develop cavities over time, and you don't want  that. So the dentist will brush on a coating that seals the grooves and  pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth  healthy.  

Non Surgical Gum Treatments

The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for  ones teeth. All structures are also referred to as the periodontium.  When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a  bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of  unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are  red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away  from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the  teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With the proper  care, however, it may be possible to return them to a healthy state.  This is where appropriate gum treatments come in. If you're having a  problem, come in and see us so we can take care of it right away. The  treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a  local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease  gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or  extraction. This is why it is important to get it treated at the first  sign of a problem.  

X Rays

This  is a focused beam of X-Ray particles through bone which produces an  image on special film, showing the structure through which it  passed. This gives the familiar black and white images that doctors and  dentists use to diagnose problems. X-rays are a necessary part of the  diagnostic process, and not to use them could lead to undiagnosed  disease. Without an X-ray of the whole tooth, and supporting bone and  gum tissues, there is no real way to detect infection or pathology that  requires attention.

In  our office we use digital radiography which allows us to take X-rays  using 50-70% less radiation versus conventional X-rays. Coupled with  computer monitoring, digital x-ray technology allows us to enhance the  images for better diagnosis of any dental concerns.